A 10th century fortress built on a rocky hill over the Vltava, this hill is now home to the beautiful Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul, and the Vyšehrad cemetery, where some of the most famous Czech icons rest, such as composers Dvořák and Smetana, writer Karel Čapek and painter Alphonse Mucha.

Besides boasting a stunning view of both the city center and the southern outskirts of Prague, the fortress is home to the city’s mythical founders. It is said that princess Libušu, the daughter of the king ruling from Vyšehrad and his successor, had prophetic trances, one of which consisted of her pointing towards where the Prague Castle now stands and foretelling “a great city whose glory will touch the stars.” She then instructed her subjects to build the city where a man was building the threshold of his house and named the city “práh,” which means threshold in old Czech. Her visions also led her to her husband, Přemysl, the father of the Přemyslid