Although the square started as a horse market, it evolved into one of the most historical places in Prague, aptly adopting the name of the Czech Republic’s most beloved saint. Under the statue of St. Wenceslas Jan Palach committed his famous suicide, followed by Jan Zajíc a month later, both protesting the squashing of the Prague Spring in 1968. Thirty years later the square was home to the biggest demonstrations of the Velvet Revolution.

Now, the square is a center for business and culture, lined by shops, cafés and restaurants. (But be warned, the area transforms at night due to its many strip clubs, making it a popular stop for raucous bachelor parties.) Check out the rectangle-shaped square for the history, the shopping and the gorgeous mix of architecture found in the giant buildings lining the boulevard up to the 200-year-old Národní museum (National Museum) at the end.